Gijduvan

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Gijduvan. Gijduvan village mentioned in historical sources from the tenth century. Even then, it was one of the shopping centers in the region. He was part of the Samanid state. Archaeological evidence suggests that the settlement in what is now Gijduvan was founded even before the Arab invasion. Since the XVI century Gijduvan became a fortress city, often associated with the battle.  And in times of Tsarist Russia, this city was an important social and economic center. Since 1972 Gijduvan is the center of the same district in the Bukhara region. It is located at 49 kilometers from the city of Bukhara.

Gijduvan has long been considered a center of education, culture, trade and crafts. Since ancient times city differed favorable climate, rich flora, fauna and farming and hunting skill began to develop. Then crafts and trade gradually developed. Caravans of the Silk Road stayed here for the night. From there they went to India and China.

From ancient times to the present day Gijduvan is known as a shopping city and the center of handicrafts, helped by proximity to the Great Silk Road. Pottery is unique among the various crafts that flourished in the town. Gidjuvan ceramics school is characterized by the use of geometric shapes and colors in the ornaments.

Abdullah  Narzullaev was one of the most famous ceramics of Uzbekistan and the founder of the school of ceramics Gizhduvan. He has participated in over than 50 international exhibitions. His works are exhibited in museums around the world. Today Gidjuvan artisans are known not only in Uzbekistan, but around the world.  Gizhduvan craftsman schools participated in 60 exhibitions in such countries as Japan, Germany, France, Italy, the U.S. and Israel. In the ceramics family studio  Narzulaevih one can: see the process of the production of ceramics, visit the Museum of Ceramics, buy  ceramics of Gijduvan craftsmen; try the differences of Uzbek national cuisine, attend a special training course under the guidance of Gijduvan masters, living in the house of Abdullah.

The city is famous not only with masters of pottery, but this place is associated with the great names of famous people. Gijduvan in the birthplace of one of the brightest representatives of Sufism + Abdulkhalik Gijduvani, who lived and worked in the XII century. When Gijduvani was 22, he was a renowned theologian of Bukhara. In addition, Gijduvan  gave to the world a literature writer + Sadriddin Aini- the author of the history and literature works about the peoples of Central Asia, his major works are  ”Odina”, “Dohunda” ‘Slaves’ “Memories” (“Bukhara”). Sadriddin Aini was took part in a opening the Tamerlane tomb in 1941.

 

Gijduvan is one of the most visited places: historical landmarks, including the madrasas Gijduvani + built on the burial place of the great Sufi; + Ulugbek medrese, founded in 1437 and is one of three madrasas, named in his honor. The  Madrasah has two ayvans, with mosque and classroom inside. The facade is covered with a solid lining.

In addition, here you can see the Vabkent minaret +, which is the earliest imitation of Kalyan Minaret in Bukhara. It’s architecture is almost the same as Kalyan minaret’s one. Nevertheless, the more slender proportions of the trunk (the diameter at the base – 6.2 m at the top of – 2.8 m at a height of 40.3 m), this minaret seems to be  higher and looks sleeker  than its Bukhara prototype, although it’s lower it to 7 m

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City : Country : Uzbekistan
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